Question: Are you able to please describe how dye sublimation printing works? What kind of printer is commonly used? Could it be similar to heat transfer printing?
Answer: Wow! All great and related inquiries to the dye sub and also heat transfer printing of fabric, one among my personal favorite strategies to print fabric and other items, even though this answer will deal mostly with polyester fabric.
First, there are 2 varieties of transfer paper. One uses ribbon so transfer color to your transfer paper, along with the other is the same basic printing method as digital printing except there are actually differences between ink and dye. As well as the same printers works extremely well, while not interchangeably due to the differences between dyes and ink.
Inkjet printing uses, typically, what is known as the “four color process” printing method. The four colors will also be known in shorthand as CMYK ink colors. CMYK is short for Cyan-Magenta, Yellow, and Black, which in almost any combination will print virtually any color, not including neon colors or metallic colors, but many colors within the photo spectrum.
Due to the limitations of CMYK inks, additional colors have already been included in some printers which are now known as 6 color digital printers, having added a light cyan and a light magenta to attain a few of the harder colors to create in the printing process. Some printers have even added orange and green cartridges at the same time.
Dye sublimation printing is slightly different. The dyes used are exactly like ink, though with some differences. The ink set for dye sub printing is yet another four color process (also known in shorthand as 4CP), however the shorthand version here is CMYO, or cyan-magenta-yellow-overprint clear. Where may be the black, you could possibly wonder? It would be hard to create a full color spectrum without black!
To explain the location where the black went, or rather better, where it appears from in CMYO dye sublimation printing, I have to look into most of how it works. As stated previously, a standard 4CP printing device is needed to print dyes too, although the dye should be printed on a treated paper cleverly named “transfer paper.”
An image is printed in reverse (or mirror printed) in the kiian sublimation ink. The paper is matched as much as a piece of fabric. The fabric cannot be an organic fiber due to process that will be explained momentarily. The material typically used quite often is polyester as it is an adaptable fiber that can be made to appear like everything from an oil canvas to your sheer fabric to a double-sided knit material that may be made right into a double-sided flag or banner.
As soon as the paper is matched for the fabric, it really is run through heated rollers at high pressure. The rollers are heated to simply under 400 degrees Fahrenheit or 210 degrees Celsius. As being the fabric experiences the heated rollers, two things happen. First, the pores or cells of the poly-fabric unlock, while simultaneously the dye around the paper is changed into a gaseous state. The gas impregnates the open cells which close as they leave the heated rollers. This produces a continuous tone print which cannot be achieved using an laser printer due to dot pattern laid down by the inkjets.
If the item for example plastic or aluminum is coated with a special polymeric coating, these things can even be printed. Besides banners and posters and flags, other items which are commonly dexupky33 with dye sublimation heat transfer printing are clothing items for example T-shirts, table covers, sportswear, ID cards, and signs.
Some benefits to heat transfer vinyl sheets would be that the image is a part of the fabric, so it doesn’t peel off like ink on the surface of fabric or any other materials and definately will not fade for several years. The dye cannot develop on fabric like t-shirts either. Everyone had worn a printed shirt where the ink felt enjoy it was very stiff at first glance of your material, and also over time it will begin to flake off. This will not happen with dye sublimation.
Other advantages are that the colors can be more brilliant than other types of printing due to the process of dye sublimation along with the continuous tones which are achieved if the dye converts to your gaseous state. Because in printing garments the material is printed just before the shirt or jacket is constructed, the picture can go to the side of the material which is not achievable typically with screen printed shirts.